Hot Gas Initiator (HGI)

A Hot Gas Initiator provides a method of converting one signal transmission method into another. Typical conversion types as part of an Emergency Escape System include:

  • Hot gas (i.e. from an Ejection Seat System) to a detonating signal (i.e.: to an attached SMDC, FCDC, CDC or RDCTL)
  • Detonating signal to hot gas
  • Hot gas to a deflagrating signal (i.e. HGI to attached RDCTL)

Advantages

The advantage of a hot gas initiator is the ability to mix different signal types in one system without severe design or reliability penalties.  The HGI function either at the beginning of the canopy removal sequence or after the canopy system has functioned and the seat is ready to ejection.  In the case of SMDC to Gas this is usually the later situation as the canopy removal is associated with a jettison system rather than CFS / TRS.  HGIs are manufactured to contain all the by-products of combustion regardless of type.  Design can be both inert and explosive loaded.  They can be designed with single or dual input.

Function of these initiators is described below with legacy explosive loaded technology then the inert device.

Some of the different types of HGIs designed and manufactured by PacSci EMC are shown below.

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B-1B, F/A-18 & F-15 EXPLOSIVE LOADED HGIS (ETL TO GAS)
F-18 Hot Gas Initiator
F-15 SMDC Gas Initiator
B-1B, F/A-18 & F-15 EXPLOSIVE LOADED HGI (ETL TO GAS)

INERT HGI
(GAS TO RDCTL)

  • This initiator receives Ballistic Hot Gas from an ejection seat applying it at the inlet end of the housing. A shear pin securing the piston type-firing pin is severed, releasing the firing pin and impacts a percussion primer.  The output of the percussion primers is funneled to a transfer charge containing a load of primary and secondary explosives.  The percussion primer output ignites the primary explosive material.  The high energy output of the primary initiates secondary explosive material providing a detonating output.  The output of this transfer charge initiates the attached ETL allowing it to transfer either a detonating or deflagrating signal along its length.

  • This initiator receives a detonation signal from an ETL HE end tip.  The HE output drives an annular firing pin into two percussion primers.  The output from the primers initiates an ignition charge.  This charge in turn ignites a propellant gas generating explosive material.  The gas pressure is routed through a braided hose to the ejection seat gas system so the remaining ejection events can occur.

  • We have designed and manufactured 100’s of different cutters for 100’s of applications. Qualified and used in various military, commercial, and aerospace platforms including spacecraft, launch vehicles, aircraft (military and commercial), satellites and multiple missile platforms.

  • Operating Temperature
    –65°F to +200°F


    Leak Rate
    1×10-5 cc / sec. Air at 1.0 + 1 Atmosphere


    Vibration
    5-2,000 Hz sinusoidal vibrations at 10 g’s maximum amplitude per MIL-STD-810, Method 514.1, Procedure I


    Shock
    10 shocks of 15 g’s maximum acceleration in 8 milliseconds maximum, exceeding 8 g’s for 11 milliseconds maximum, per MIL-D-23615


    Drop 6 feet onto a steel plate at least 2 inches thick, over concrete per MIL-D-21625; 40 feet onto a steel plate over reinforced concrete per MIL-D-21625


    Temperature/Humidity Cycling in two and three week segments from –80oF to +160oF at 90% RH per MIL-D-21625


    High Temperature
    +200°F +/- 5°F for 1 hour per MIL-D-21625


    Low Temperature 
    -65°F +/- 5°F for 1 hour per MIL-D-21625


    Sand/Dust
    .3 +/- .2 gm./ft. 3 dust concentration, with a maximum air velocity of 1,750 +/- 250 fpm and +145°F maximum per MIL-STD-810, Method 510


    Salt Fog 
    48 hours at +95°F +/- 2.5°F per MIL-STD-810,Method 509


    Icing
    -65°F to +100°F +/- 5°F at 90% RH, then returned to -65°F and functioned, per MIL-D-23615


    Platform Use & Heritage
    F-15, F/A-18, B-1B, Scorpion, Improved CFS w/Inerts