EXPLOSIVE BOLTS | SEPARATION BOLTS | SEP BOLTS
Industry-specific high energy. Designed to exceed your mission-critical standards.
Explosive bolts or pyro bolts, separation nuts and studs are designed for missile, spacecraft and marine applications where rapid structure separation is demanded. Pressure actuated, ridge cut, piston actuated and hydrodynamic (pressure amplified) pyrotechnic explosive bolts are available in a wide range of sizes, configurations and tensile capacities from as little as 200 pounds to as much as 1,000,000 pounds). Our experts are here to support you in meeting your structural loading, envelope and environmental requirements and guide you on ways to mitigate shrapnel and products of combustion.
They are used for fastening mating components or devices together to then allow rapid structural separation when commanded. Explosive bolts feature machined geometries to control the separation location and breaking strength. An explosive charge, located within a machined cavity in the bolt, or externally for Piston Bolts (Propulsive Bolts), provides the energetic stimulus required to cleanly separate the bolt at the predetermined break plane. Three of the most common explosive bolt designs fabricated at PacSci EMC are the Standard Pressure Actuated Bolt, Ridge-Cut Bolt, and Piston Actuated Bolt (Propulsive Bolt); each of which exhibits unique advantages. Methods used for explosive bolt actuation will vary depending on the explosive bolts’ application requirements.
PacSci EMC Pyro Bolts are designed to separate cleanly along a predetermined fracture plane. An explosive charge, located within a cavity in the bolt, provides the energetic stimulus required for bolt fracture. Explosive bolts are supplied in a wide range of sizes and configurations tailored to suite structural loading, envelope and environmental requirements. Bolts supplied by PacSci EMC range in tensile capacity from as little as 1400 pounds (.25 inch diameter) to as much as 557,000 pounds (5.75 inches diameter).
Standard Pressure Actuated Bolts provide maximum tensile and fatigue strength for the available envelope at minimum cost. Tensile, shock and hoop stresses developed from an internal detonation cause failure of the bolt along predetermined stress riser at the separation plane. Shrapnel and products of combustion are not contained.
Ridge-Cut Bolts employ shock wave mechanics to realize reduced shrapnel generation while maintaining high tensile strength. Explosive gasses are vented. The explosive load is pressed directly into the bore of the bolt. Shock waves emanating from the detonation pulse reflect from external surfaces to intersect and create tensile fracture along a conical path from the base of the bore to the edge of the notch on the outside diameter of the bolt.
Piston Actuated Bolts provide for full containment of products of combustion and for force amplification to permit severance of larger bolts. An explosively driven piston of large surface area impacts a hydraulic medium which fails the bolt due to combined hoop and shear stresses.
Hydrodynamic (Pressure Amplified) Bolts provide for containment of combustion and for amplification to permit severance of larger bolts. An explosively driven piston of large surface area impacts a hydraulic medium which fails the bolt due to combined hoop and shear stresses.
The most widely used application of an explosive bolt for an emergency escape system is the Canopy Actuator Release Bolt (CARB) on the F-16 Falcon. This bolt secures the canopy to the aircraft’s canopy actuator. During emergency escape in flight or on the ground the system is initiated and an explosive signal is routed to two high energy output ETL on each end of the bolt. The detonating output causes the bolt to fracture along two shear points releasing the canopy from the actuator. Firing of either ETL he end fitting will fracture the bolt at both fracture lines. The CARB is a Ridge-Cut bolt type.
Our pyrotechnic bolt applications include, but are not limited to, clamp release mechanisms, bulkhead and component release systems, rocket and missile stage separation, flight termination, along with jettison applications such as consumed or damaged structures, solid rocket booster (SRB) and satellite release.
Pyrotechnic Explosive Bolt designs are qualified and used for stage separation and release device for missile applications including Standard Missile 3, Range Extending Munitions Aero Packages, Solid Rocket Booster and main tank separation for the NASA shuttle, parachute deployment and mechanism release for weapon system.
Input Stimulus, Typical
3.5 amp (when electrically initiated)
TLX or SMDC input
4.5 AMP/4.1 millisecond
Up to 550,000 lbf
Designs as low as -65 °F and up to +270 °F
Separation Time, Typical
<10 milliseconds after application of All-Fire input stimulus
<5 milliseconds at greater currents
- MIL-DTL-23659 Appendix A
- NASA NHB5300.4(1C)
Designs that comply with 1 x 10-6 cc He/sec at 1 atm
ENVELOPE / INTERFACE DIMENSIONS
Explosive bolt and separation nut sizes and configurations can be tailored to meet structural loading, envelope and environmental conditions requirements for specific applications.
Our pyro bolt designs include pressure actuated, ridge cut, piston actuated and hydrodynamic (pressure amplified) in a wide range of sizes, configurations and tensile capacities (from as little as 200 pounds to as much as 1,000,000 pounds). Our experts are here to support you in meeting your structural loading, envelope and environmental requirements and guide you on ways to mitigate shrapnel and products of combustion associated with exploding bolts.
ENABLING MISSION SUCCESS
Hold Down Release Mechanism
In a nutshell, a Hold Down Release Mechanism (HDRM) is used to keep spacecraft equipment in a stowed position during launch and, when in proper orbiting position, then releases the equipment upon an external command.
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